• Zhang Peng, Zeng Shaolian, Zhang Zhiguo, Li Wei. Microstructure and hardness of WC-Co particle reinforced iron matrix surface composite. China Foundry, 2013, 10(6):374-379.
  • 发布时间:2014-03-25   阅读:101
  •     Abstract: In this study, a high Cr cast iron surface composite material reinforced with WC-Co particles 2-6 mm in size was prepared using a pressureless sand mold infiltration casting technique. The composition, microstructure and hardness were determined by means of energy dispersive spectrometry(EDS), electron probe microanalysis(EPMA), scanning electron microscope(SEM) and Rockwell hardness measurements. It is determined that the obtained composite layer is about 15 mm thick with a WC-Co particle volumetric fraction of ~38%. During solidification, interface reaction takes place between WC-Co particles and high chromium cast iron. Melting and dissolving of prefabricated particles are also found, suggesting that local Co melting and diffusion play an important role in promoting interface metallurgical bonding. The composite layer is composed of ferrite and a series of carbides, such as(Cr, W, Fe)23C6, WC, W2C, M6C and M12C. The inhomogeneous hardness in the obtained composite material shows a gradient decrease from the particle reinforced metal matrix composite layer to the matrix layer. The maximum hardness of 86.3 HRA(69.5 HRC) is obtained on the particle reinforced surface, strongly indicating that the composite can be used as wear resistant material.